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  • The history of homophobic violence in South Africa
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There are different kinds of homophobic violence in societies. One can be a victim of hate speech, of gay bashing, discrimination and rape. Mostly its not just one phenomen one suffers of. The definitions are not clear-cut. We will focus on the phenomenon of the so-called corrective rape in South Africa. Corrective rape indicates that women and men are getting raped to "cure" them from their sexual orientation, and its not just a marginal problem. The New York Times, for example, writes that "one in four men admit to having sex with a woman who did not consent to intercourse, and nearly half of these men admitted to raping more than once." (

This topic is made visible by artits such as Zanele Muholi and Clare Carter.




Further reading

  • Cock, Jacklyn (2003): "Engendering gay and lesbian rights. The equality clause in the South African consitution", in: Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 26, pp. 35-45.
  • Donham, Donald (1998): "Freeing South Africa. The modernization of male-male sexuality in Soweto", in: Cultural Anthropology, Volume 13, pp. 3-21. 
  • Hindustan Times (2004): "Rape new weapon against South African lesbians", in:
  • Britton, Hannah (2006): "Organising against gender violence in South Africa", in: Journal of Southern African Studies, Volume 32, pp. 145-163.


Further links

Mamela Nyamza and Mojisola Adebajo's dance and theatre performance "I stand corrected" (2012) at the Singapore International Festival of Arts:

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